Foul-weather feminism: an analysis of short-term labour and economic trends

Haysn Hornbeck


We find evidence that a net influx of female workers during minor economic shocks has a mediating influence on GDP (r=-0.29102, N=57, p=0.02807 is a typical result), consistent with the monetizing of underpaid child care. We also find evidence for a reverse correlation during a crisis situation (r=0.46345, N=42, p=0.00200), a similar pair of effects involving a net male influx (r=-0.38041, N=44, p=0.01086, for instance), and use the latter to calculate the global gender income gap (between 42% and 58%).


feminism, economics, labour, childcare


G. Becker, “The Economics of Discrimination,” 1st ed. University of Chicago Press, 1957.

D. Weichselbaumer, R. Winter-Ebmer, “A Meta-Analysis of the International Gender Wage Gap,” IZA Discussion paper series, No. 906, 2003.

Barbara R. Bergmann, "Feminism and Economics." Women's Studies Quarterly , Vol. 18, No. 3/4 (Fall - Winter, 1990), pp. 69

Jochimsen, Maren, and Ulrike Knobloch. "Making the hidden visible: the importance of caring activities and their principles for any economy." Ecological Economics 20.2 (1997), pp. 108

Donath, Susan. "The other economy: A suggestion for a distinctively feminist economics." Feminist Economics 6.1 (2000), pp. 115-116

Ibid. pp. 116

Ibid, pp. 115

Folbre, Nancy. "Measuring care: Gender, empowerment, and the care economy." Journal of human development 7.2 (2006), pp. 183-199.

World Development Indicators, The World Bank. Updated September 2012.

Kliesen, Kevin L. "The 2001 recession: How was it different and what developments may have caused it?." REVIEW-FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF SAINT LOUIS 85.5 (2003), pp. 23.

A. Quisumbing, et al. “Women: The key to food security.” Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute, 1995. pg. 1.

Statistics Canada. Table 202-0101 - Distribution of earnings, by sex, 2010 constant dollars, annual, CANSIM (database).

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.